Please cite me as Napoleão de Souza, Ricardo


Beyond segment inventories: Phonological complexity and suprasegmental variables in contact situations (with K. Sinnemäki). Journal of Language Contact [accepted].

Predictability and Prefab Status: The Case of Adjective + Noun Sequences in English (with J. Bybee). In A. Trklja & Ł. Grabowski (eds.), Linguistic Formulaicity and Multiword Units (Multiword Expressions Series). Language Science Press [in press].

Concepts and methods for integrating language typology and sociolinguistics (with E. Kashima, F. Di Garbo, and K. Sinnemäki). In S. Ballarè & G. Inglese (eds.), Atti del Workshop SLI ‘Sociolinguistica e tipologia: verso un approccio integrato allo studio della variazione’. Milano: Officina 21 [in press].


Sound, structure and meaning: The bases of prominence ratings in English, French and Spanish (with J. Cole, J. I. Hualde, C. L. Smith, C. Eager, & T. Mahrt). Journal of Phonetics, 75, 113-147. [pdf]

Vowel duration in English adjectives in attributive and predicative constructions (with J. Bybee). Language and Cognition, 11(4), 555-581. [pdf]


Special reduction: a usage-based approach (with J. Bybee, & R. File-Muriel). Language and Cognition, 8(03): 421-446. [pdf]

The Perception of Phrasal Prominence in English, Spanish and French Conversational Speech (with J. Hualde, J. Cole, C. Smith, C. Eager, & T. Mahrt). In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2016, Boston, Massachusetts. [pdf]


The Phrasing of Dislocations in French: Comparing Spontaneous Speech and Reading (with C. Smith). Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, UK: the University of Glasgow. Paper number 0720. [pdf]


The emergence of syllable structure? Data from gradient vowel reduction in Brazilian Portuguese. In Proceedings of the tenth High Desert Linguistics Society Conference. HDLS: Albuquerque, New Mexico. [pdf]


Is there a syllabic stage in spelling development? Evidence from Portuguese-speaking children (With C. Cardoso-Martins, M. F. Corrêa, & L. S. Lemos). Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(3), 628-641. [pdf]